Gardening by the Seaside

Gardening  by the sea side has a number of unique challenges . Although the climate may be milder, less prone to frost and snow, coastal gardens are often in exposed sites and suffer from sea spray heavy with salt. Many gardens are part of a second home and so the garden must fend for itself for periods.

If the garden is very exposed, it may be necessary to create a wind break or some shelter. A hedge is better than a wall or a fence which can creates wind eddies and be blown down. A mixed hedge can be formed from many of the shrubs listed below.

If garden pots are unattended for periods, a good tip is to add water gel crystals to the soil. They help to retain water as will a mulch, stones and shells can look attractive.

Gardens near the sea need tough plants - Below is suggestion list depending on your personal preferences; all are suitable for sea side gardens.

Gardening by the sea side 

Rosa Rugosagreen wheel barrow Rosa Rugosa easy to grow

rosa-rugosa-finalAs a Rose it  is much more tolerant than other roses of the difficult coastal conditions and is related to the wild rose. Summer flowers are followed by large red or orange hips. It   is easy to grow and can be planted to form a hedge but beware the thorns are lethal.

Unlike many roses the Rugosa is tolerant and if its not pruned every year it will still flower the following summer.  It grows up to 2 metres and Rosa Rugosa is deciduous so in the winter it will be bare. It is fast growing and very forgiving of growing conditions, its also known as the salt spray rose. The only condition it dislikes it wet soil.

 

 

Cistus (Rock Rose) and Lavandula

Cistus common name Rock roseAnother  tough shrub suitable for a sea side garden and which will flower all summer long and if its dry and sunny that’s fine. It  it dislikes the wet and is a small compact shrub. Lavandula will grow in a seaside setting and - looks great along a path ( for more information about growing lavender)  and is also stunning in pots. Lavender needs very little attention, prune the flower stalks off after flowering and always avoid cutting into the old wood and that’s it. More about growing Cistus

 

 

 Photinia fraseri (Red Robin) 

Photinia 'red robin'Popular easy to grow garden shrub which requires very little attention. The new growth of foliage is red giving great colour to the border, and it produces it’s best colour in sun but will grow anywhere provided there are no cold, drying winds. It is ideal for sea side gardens and grows up to 5m (15ft) and would make a suitable sea side hedge. Photinia is a much more attractive shrub than it is often given credit for as it can appear frequently in landscaping around supermarkets but the red flush of new growth is very attracive and it is reliable in all conditions. 

 

 

 

 Potentilla fruiticosa

Potentilla

 

 

Very tough deciduous shrub which flowers from late spring on wards. Saucer like flowers commonly  either white, yellows, pinks and red.  Growing up to 1m (3ft) it can form into a low hedge or form part of a mixed border. It needs no attention easy maintenance, it's easy to grow and reliable in  a sea side garden.

 

 

Shrubs suitable for a Seaside Garden

 

lavatera-barnsley

Lavatera 

rhododendron

Rhododendrons

holly-ilex

Ilex common name Holly

ceanothus-in-flower

Ceanothus

Hydrangea macrophylla

Hydrangea

hypericum

Hypericum

Flowering plants suitable for a Seaside Garden

thalictrum-delavayi-album

Thalictrum 

Deep blue Agapanthus

Agapanthus

sea-holly-final

Sea holly

passionflora

Passionflora

achillea

Achillea

crocosmia lucifer

Crocosmia

 

 

 

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